Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bite from a Brown Recluse Treatment

The initial treatment for a brown recluse spider bite includes immediate application of cold compresses, which may help inactivate some of the venom. Additional treatment may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. If an ulcer forms at the skin surface, the doctor may remove dead tissue from the wound. Skin grafting may be required after 6-8 weeks of wound care. Antivenom for a brown recluse spider bite has not proven to be effective.

For severe envenomations, hospitalization may be necessary, in order to treat or prevent serious complications such as coagulopathy, rhabdomyolysis, and kidney failure.

Treatment for a brown recluse spider bite may include:

Bite from a Brown Recluse Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat a brown recluse spider bite:

Continue to Bite from a Brown Recluse Home Care

Last Updated: Jun 3, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bite from a Brown Recluse References
  1. Mold JW, Thompson DM. Management of brown recluse spider bites in primary care. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2004 Sep-Oct;17(5):347-52. [15355948]
  2. Wendell RP. Brown recluse spiders: a review to help guide physicians in nonendemic areas. South Med J. 2003 May;96(5):486-90. [12911188]
  3. Wright SW, Wrenn KD, Murray L, Seger D. Clinical presentation and outcome of brown recluse spider bite. Ann Emerg Med. 1997 Jul;30(1):28-32. [9209221]
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