Most birthmarks do not require treatment unless they interfere with normal function. Although most birthmarks fade over time, many parents are concerned that disfiguring marks may result in social or psychological problems. Laser therapy and corticosteroid medications may shrink the size of a birthmark or keep it from growing larger. However, the need for treatment must be weighed against the side effects of therapy. Surgery may be required for severe birthmarks that interfere with function or form ulcers.
Treatment for birthmarks may include:
- Topical corticosteroid medications
- Laser therapy for birthmarks
- Surgery for birthmarks
For more information:
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat birthmarks:
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- Enjolras O, Mulliken JB: The current management of vascular birthmarks. Pediatr Dermatol 1993 Dec; 10(4): 311-3. 
- Geronemus RG, Ashinoff R: The medical necessity of evaluation and treatment of port-wine stains. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1991 Jan; 17(1): 76-9. 
- Goldman MP, Fitzpatrick RE, Ruiz-Esparza J: Treatment of port-wine stains (capillary malformation) with the flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser. J Pediatr 1993 Jan; 122(1): 71-7.