Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Birthmark Port Wine Underlying Cause

The cause for port wine stains is unknown.

Continue to Birthmark Port Wine Anatomy

Last Updated: May 4, 2007 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Birthmark Port Wine References
  1. Enjolras O, Mulliken JB: The current management of vascular birthmarks. Pediatr Dermatol 1993 Dec; 10(4): 311-3. [9039172]
  2. Geronemus RG, Ashinoff R: The medical necessity of evaluation and treatment of port-wine stains. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1991 Jan; 17(1): 76-9. [1991884]
  3. Goldman MP, Fitzpatrick RE, Ruiz-Esparza J: Treatment of port-wine stains (capillary malformation) with the flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye laser. J Pediatr 1993 Jan; 122(1): 71-7. [8419617]
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