Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Prevention Underlying Cause

Birth Defects due to Alcohol Evaluation

The evaluation of an infant with fetal alcohol syndrome begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in an infant with fetal alcohol syndrome may include:

  • Close set eyes
  • Epicanthal eye folds
  • Faulty tooth enamel
  • Small teeth
  • Heart murmur
  • Limitation of joint movement
  • Marked growth retardation
  • Mental retardation
  • Microcephaly (small brain)
  • Micrognathia (small jaw)
  • Minor ear abnormalities
  • Reduction in the vermilion border of the upper lip
  • Small nasal bridge (short nose)

There are no tests that make the diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome. Testing may be performed to exclude other congenital, genetic, or infectious conditions that cause symptoms similar to fetal alcohol syndrome

Continue to Birth Defects due to Alcohol Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Birth Defects due to Alcohol References
  1. Hannigan JH, Armant DR. Alcohol in pregnancy and neonatal outcome. Semin Neonatol. 2000 Aug;5(3):243-54. [10956449]
  2. Murphy-Brennan MG, Oei TP. Is there evidence to show that fetal alcohol syndrome can be prevented? J Drug Educ. 1999;29(1):5-24. [10349824]
  3. Wattendorf DJ, Muenke M. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jul 15;72(2):279-82, 285. [1605045]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.