Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bartholin's Cyst Treatment

Small Bartholin's cysts may not require treatment. Treatment for a larger Bartholin's cyst often requires the placement of a catheter to drain the cyst. Some may benefit from a surgical procedure called marsupialization which eradicates the cyst. An infected Bartholin's cyst may require treatment with antibiotics as well as incision and drainage. After the incision and drainage, warm baths and pain medications will help to relieve discomfort. These procedures may be performed in a doctor's office.

Incision and drainage for a Bartholin's cyst includes:

  • The labia minora is sterilized using rubbing alcohol or an antibacterial soap.
  • A local anesthetic is injected into the tissues surrounding the abscess.
  • An incision is made with a scalpel.
  • Fluid is drained from the cyst.
  • The cyst cavity is flushed clean.
  • In some cases, a rubber drain or a strip of sterile gauze is packed inside the cyst cavity.
    • The gauze or drain placed inside the abscess cavity is usually removed 24-36 hours later.
  • In some cases, a catheter is placed in the cavity, and a balloon at the tip of the catheter is inflated.
    • The catheter may be left in place for 2-4 weeks.

Additional treatment for a Bartholin's cyst may include:

Bartholin's Cyst Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat Bartholin's cyst:

Continue to Bartholin's Cyst Home Care

Last Updated: Jun 2, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bartholin's Cyst References
  1. Aghajanian A, Bernstein L, Grimes DA: Bartholin's duct abscess and cyst: a case-control study. South Med J 1994 Jan; 87(1): 26-9. [8284713]
  2. Hill DA, Lense JJ. Office management of Bartholin gland cysts and abscesses. Am Fam Physician. 1998 Apr 1;57(7):1611-6, 1619-20. [9556648]
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