Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Warning Signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Bacterial Infection of a Joint Anatomy

To better understand septic arthritis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the joints.

A joint is a union between two bones. The joint allows the ends of the bones to move against one another. The surface of the bones inside a joint are covered by a slippery lining, called cartilage, which is slightly softer than bone. The cartilage is lubricated by a thick, slippery fluid, called synovial fluid.

The joint capsule forms a wall around the joint by attaching to the bone above and below the joint. Ligaments prevent the bones from coming apart, and tendons allow the muscles to move the bones that make up the joint.


Last Updated: Nov 4, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Bacterial Infection of a Joint References
  1. Barton LL, Dunkle LM, Habib FH. Septic arthritis in childhood. A 13-year review. Am J Dis Child. 1987 Aug;141(8):898-900. [3498362]
  2. Dubost JJ, Soubrier M, De Champs C, Ristori JM, Sauvezie B. Streptococcal septic arthritis in adults. A study of 55 cases with a literature review. Joint Bone Spine. 2004 Jul;71(4):303-11. [15288856]
  3. Margaretten ME, Kohlwes J, Moore D, Bent S. Does this adult patient have septic arthritis? JAMA. 2007 Apr 4;297(13):1478-88. [17405973]
  4. O'Meara PM, Bartal E. Septic arthritis: process, etiology, treatment outcome. A literature review. Orthopedics. 1988 Apr;11(4):623-8. [3290872]
  5. Ross JJ, Saltzman CL, Carling P, Shapiro DS. Pneumococcal septic arthritis: review of 190 cases. Clin Infect Dis. 2003 Feb 1;36(3):319-27. [12539074]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.