Overview Incidence Symptoms serious signs Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care back exercises pain in adults pain in children warning signs Prevention exercises proper lifting proper posture Underlying Cause Anatomy
Physical findings in those who have back pain due to nerve impingement or disk disease include:
Testing may be required to determine the underlying cause of back pain.
Tests that may be used to evaluate back pain include:
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PubMed Backache References
- Andersson GB: Epidemiological features of chronic low-back pain. Lancet 1999 Aug 14; 354(9178): 581-5. 
- Coste J, Delecoeuillerie G, et al: Clinical course and prognostic factors in acute low back pain: an inception cohort study in primary care practice. BMJ 1994 Feb 26; 308(6928): 577-80. 
- Hayden J, Tulder M, Malmivaara A, Koes B. Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005 Jul 20;(3):CD000335. 
- King HA. Back pain in children. Orthop Clin North Am. 1999 Jul;30(3):467-74, ix. 
- Marriott A, Newman NM, et al: Improving the evaluation of benign low back pain. Spine 1999 May 15; 24(10): 952-60. 
- van Tulder MW, Koes BW, Bouter LM: Conservative treatment of acute and chronic nonspecific low back pain. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of the most common interventions. Spine 1997 Sep 15; 22(18): 2128-56.