Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Atrial Enlargement Treatment

Treatment for an enlarged heart depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for an enlarged heart may include stop smoking, heart diet, low cholesterol diet, low salt diet, an exercise plan, weight reduction, and fluid restriction. Medications to treat an enlarged heart may include diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, aspirin, and potassium supplements.

Treatment for an enlarged heart may include:

Atrial Enlargement Diet

It is important to follow a healthy diet if you have cardiac enlargement.

Enlarged Heart Diet

  • Avoiding fad diets: a well-rounded diet is much better.
  • Limited fat intake to no more than 30% of total calories:
    • Some experts recommend no more than 20-25% fat.
  • Eating high-quality fats:
    • Using virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
    • 10% to 15% of total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil).
  • Eating less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
  • Eating plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
  • Limited iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis.
  • Replacing animal protein with soy.
  • Reducing salt to no more than 3 grams per day. A doctor may lower this recommendation to no more than 2 grams for people with high blood pressure or congestive heart failure.
  • Emphasizing complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
    • Barley
    • Bran
    • Fruits
    • Legumes
    • Oats
    • Vegetables

Atrial Enlargement Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat an enlarged heart:

Continue to Atrial Enlargement Home Care

Last Updated: Dec 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Atrial Enlargement References
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  2. Burkett EL, Hershberger RE. Clinical and genetic issues in familial dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 5;45(7):969-81. [15808750]
  3. Elliott P: Cardiomyopathy. Diagnosis and management of dilated cardiomyopathy. Heart 2000 Jul; 84(1): 106-12. [10862601]
  4. Gosse P. Left ventricular hypertrophy as a predictor of cardiovascular risk. J Hypertens Suppl. 2005 Apr;23 Suppl 1:S27-33. [15821448]
  5. Verdecchia P, Angeli F. Reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy: what have recent trials taught us? Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2004;4(6):369-78. [15554722]
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