Artery Injury Anatomy
To better understand vascular injuries, it helps to understand the anatomy of the vascular system.
The vascular system includes the arteries and veins. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart, to the body. Veins are blood vessels that carry blood from the body, back to the heart.
The pressure in an artery is much higher than in a vein. An injury to an artery tends to be more serious than an injury to a vein. The larger the artery (or vein) that is injured, the more serious the injury.
- Arteries of the body
- Major vessels of the neck
- Major vessels of the groin and thigh
- Aortic arch: originates at the heart and supplies the coronary arteries.
- Thoracic aorta: provides numerous branches, the intercostal arteries, which supply the chest wall.
- Abdominal aorta: supplies the gut and then terminates in the iliac vessels, which supply the pelvis and lower extremities.
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