A healthy diet for those who have atherosclerosis includes:
- Limit total fat intake to 20 to 25% of your total calories:
- Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat
- Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat
- Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
- No more than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol per day
- Do not overeat. Follow a diet that meets the number of calories recommended by your doctor or dietician.
- No more than 6 grams of salt per day: your doctor may advise you to restrict your intake of salt to 2 grams per day if you have congestive heart failure or high blood pressure
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
- Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber
- Whole grains
- Brown rice
- Do not take iron supplements unless directed to do so by your doctor.
- Avoid fad diets.
- Talk to your doctor about taking B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.
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