- Congested lungs:
- During examination with a stethoscope
- Rapid heart rate
- Rapid respiratory rate
- Signs of severe difficulty breathing:
Tests to evaluate the lungs and heart are necessary to confirm the diagnosis of adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Tests that may be used to evaluate adult respiratory distress syndrome include:
Continue to ARDS Treatment
PubMed ARDS References
- Ashbaugh DG, Bigelow DB, Petty TL: Acute respiratory distress in adults. Lancet 1967 Aug 12; 2(7511): 319-23. 
- Bernard GR, Artigas A, Brigham KL: The American-European Consensus Conference on ARDS. Definitions, mechanisms, relevant outcomes, and clinical trial coordination. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994 Mar; 149(3 Pt 1): 818-24. 
- Booth CM, Stewart TE. Severe acute respiratory syndrome and critical care medicine: the Toronto experience. Crit Care Med. 2005 Jan;33(1 Suppl):S53-60. 
- Ketai LH, Godwin JD: A new view of pulmonary edema and acute respiratory distress syndrome. J Thorac Imaging 1998 Jul; 13(3): 147-71. 
- Lionetti V, Recchia FA, Ranieri VM. Overview of ventilator-induced lung injury mechanisms. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2005 Feb;11(1):82-6. 
- Mendez JL, Hubmayr RD. New insights into the pathology of acute respiratory failure. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2005 Feb;11(1):29-36.