Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Arbovirus Infection Prevention

Prevention of arbovirus infection includes:

  • Avoid insect bites:
    • Avoid tick bites.
    • Avoid mosquito bites.
    • Wear insect repellent clothing.
    • Use DEET insect repellants.
    • Stay indoors at dusk.
  • Avoid wear outbreaks occur.

Arbovirus Infection CDC Guidelines

CDC guidelines for reducing arbovirus infection risk:

  • Apply insect repellent sparingly to exposed skin.
    • The more DEET a repellent contains, the longer it can protect from mosquito bites. A higher percentage of DEET in a repellent does not mean that its protection is better, just that it will last longer. DEET concentrations higher than 50% do not increase the length of protection.
  • Apply DEET repellants to clothing since mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.
    • Do not apply repellents containing permethrin directly to exposed skin.
    • After clothing is sprayed, there is no need to use DEET on the skin under the clothing.
    • Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth, so avoid applying repellent to the hands of children.
  • Consider staying indoors at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening, which are peak mosquito biting times.
  • Install or repair window and door screens so that mosquitoes cannot get indoors.
  • Place mosquito netting over infant carriers when you are outdoors with infants.
  • Destroy mosquitoes breeding areas: empty water from flowerpots, pet bowls, clogged rain gutters, swimming pool covers, discarded tires, buckets, barrels, cans, and other items that collect water in which mosquitoes can lay eggs.
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants when outdoors.

Continue to Arbovirus Infection Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Nov 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Arbovirus Infection References
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  2. Drosten C, Gottig S, Schilling S, Asper M, Panning M, Schmitz H, Gunther S. Rapid detection and quantification of RNA of Ebola and Marburg viruses, Lassa virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus, dengue virus, and yellow fever virus by real-time reverse transcription-PCR. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 Jul;40(7):2323-30. [12089242]
  3. Dumpis U, Crook D, Oksi J. Tick-borne encephalitis. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Apr;28(4):882-90. [10825054]
  4. Isturiz RE, Gubler DJ, Brea del Castillo J. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever in Latin America and the Caribbean. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2000 Mar;14(1):121-40, ix. [10738676]
  5. Whitley RJ, Gnann JW. Viral encephalitis: familiar infections and emerging pathogens. Lancet. 2002 Feb 9;359(9305):507-13. [11853816]
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