Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Aplastic Anemia Treatment

A person with an extremely low blood count from aplastic anemia may require treatment in a hospital, while mild anemia does not require hospitalization. Acquired aplastic anemia is treated with blood transfusions, in order to restore the number of blood cells in the bloodstream. The illness may resolve if the substance or drug that triggered the anemia is stopped.

A bone marrow transplant replaces the diseased bone marrow with bone marrow from a donor. Before a bone marrow transplant, the person is treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy, which destroys the diseased bone marrow. Healthy bone marrow from a donor is injected into the bloodstream, and the cells travel to the bone marrow, where they start to make new blood cells. The bone marrow from the donor must be matched to the person receiving the transplant.

In those for whom a donor cannot be found, medications may be used to stimulate the bone marrow. If aplastic anemia is caused by an abnormal immune system, a person may require drugs that suppress the immune system.

Treatment for acquired aplastic anemia may include:

Aplastic Anemia Questions For Doctor

The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of aplastic anemia.

Questions to ask before treatment:

  • What are my treatment options?
  • What are the risks associated with treatment?
  • What are the complications I should watch for?
  • How long will I be on medication?
  • What are the potential side effects of my medication?
  • Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
  • Should I take my medication with food?

Questions to ask after treatment:
  • Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
  • What else can I do to reduce my risk for anemia?
  • How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
  • What local support and other resources are available?

Aplastic Anemia Specialist

Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat aplastic anemia:

Continue to Aplastic Anemia Home Care

Last Updated: Feb 14, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Aplastic Anemia References
  1. Brodsky RA, Jones RJ. Aplastic anaemia. Lancet. 2005 May 7-13;365(9471):1647-56. [15885298]
  2. Kurre P, Johnson FL, Deeg HJ. Diagnosis and treatment of children with aplastic anemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Feb 10. [15706582]
  3. Marsh JC. Management of acquired aplastic anaemia. Blood Rev. 2005 May;19(3):143-51. [15748962]
  4. Paquette RL. Diagnosis and management of aplastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Oncology (Williston Park). 2002 Sep;16(9 Suppl 10):153-61. [12380966]
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