Aortic Valve Stenosis Heart Diet
Diet changes for people with heart failure due to aortic stenosis:
- Control Dietary Salt:
- Lower dietary sodium by following a special hypertension diet (2-4 grams of sodium per day) that is low in salt.
- Foods that are high in salt should be avoided.
- Do not use table salt; consider a salt substitute with your doctor's consent. Season foods with dried herbs, garlic, onion, or lemons.
- See cardiac diet for more information.
- Fluid restriction:
- Ask your doctor what degree you need to restrict fluid consumption.
- Ask your doctor how many 8 ounce cups (240 ml) of water are you allowed to drink per day.
- Remember 2 cups (1 pint or about 500 ml) of retained fluid will equal one pound (2.2 kg) of fluid weight gain.
- General Diet:
- Follow a proper cardiac diet, low in saturated fats and cholesterol.
- Most people with CHF taking a diuretic medication need to eat potassium rich foods.
- Potassium rich foods include bananas, apricots, raisins, oranges, grapefruit, and peas.
- See Cardiac Diet for more information on limiting fats and cholesterol.
A healthy diet to for those with heart disease should include:
- Limit total fat intake to no more than 20 to 25% of your total calories:
- Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
- Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat.
- Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
- Less than 200 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
- Just enough calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. (You may want to ask your doctor or registered dietitian what is a reasonable calorie level for you.)
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
- Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
- Limit iron intake: too much iron can increase atherosclerosis
- Avoid fad diets: eat a well-rounded diet instead
- Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.
Continue to Aortic Valve Stenosis Questions For Doctor
- Boon NA, Bloomfield P.. The medical management of valvar heart disease. Heart. 2002 Apr;87(4):395-400. 
- Graham TP Jr, Driscoll DJ, Gersony WM, Newburger JW, Rocchini A, Towbin JA. Task Force 2: congenital heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 19;45(8):1326-33. 
- Hughes BR, Chahoud G, Mehta JL. Aortic stenosis: is it simply a degenerative process or an active atherosclerotic process? Clin Cardiol. 2005 Mar;28(3):111-4. 
- Segal BL. Valvular heart disease, Part 1. Diagnosis and surgical management of aortic valve disease in older adults. Geriatrics. 2003 Sep;58(9):31-5.