Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Aortic Rupture Anatomy

To better understand aortic rupture, it helps to understand the anatomy of the aorta.

The aorta is the largest arterial blood vessel in the body. It is divided into three main segments:

  • Aortic arch: originates at the heart and supplies the coronary arteries.
  • Thoracic aorta: provides numerous branches, the intercostal arteries, which supply the chest wall.
  • Abdominal aorta: supplies the gut and then terminates in the iliac vessels, which supply the pelvis and lower extremities.

Last Updated: Nov 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Aortic Rupture References
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  2. Ferguson M, Luchette FA. Management of blunt chest injury. Respir Care Clin N Am. 1996 Sep;2(3):449-66. [9390891]
  3. Nagy KK, Krosner SM, Roberts RR, Joseph KT, Smith RF, Barrett J. Determining which patients require evaluation for blunt cardiac injury following blunt chest trauma. World J Surg. 2001 Jan;25(1):108-11. [11213149]
  4. Sartorelli KH, Vane DW. The diagnosis and management of children with blunt injury of the chest. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2004 May;13(2):98-105. [15362279]
  5. Wanek S, Mayberry JC. Blunt thoracic trauma: flail chest, pulmonary contusion, and blast injury. Crit Care Clin. 2004 Jan;20(1):71-81. [14979330]
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