Aortic Insufficiency Treatment
Treatment for aortic regurgitation depends on the severity of the condition and if the condition is acute (developed rapidly) or chronic (longstanding). Treatment often includes medications to control symptoms (and improve cardiac performance) and heart surgery to replace the diseased aortic valve.
Treatment for aortic regurgitation includes:
- Healthy heart diet:
- Heart surgery to replace the aortic valve:
- Common for acute severe aortic regurgitation
- Common for chronic severe aortic regurgitation that is no longer responding favorably to medications.
- ACE inhibitors for aortic regurgitation:
- Calcium channel blockers for aortic regurgitation:
- Cardiac glycosides:
- Diuretics for aortic regurgitation
- Direct-acting adrenergic agonists:
Those who have had valve replacement surgery require antibiotics to prevent bacterial endocarditis before they undergo the following procedures:
- Dental procedures that may cause bleeding of the gums:
- Dental cleaning
- Dental extraction
- Root canal
- Oral surgery
- Respiratory procedures:
Antibiotics used to prevent bacterial endocarditis include:
Aortic Insufficiency Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of aortic regurgitation.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Aortic Insufficiency Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat aortic regurgitation:
Continue to Aortic Insufficiency Home Care
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- Enriquez-Sarano M, Tajik AJ. Clinical practice. Aortic regurgitation. N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 7;351(15):1539-46. 
- Hagan PG, Nienaber CA, Isselbacher EM, et al.: The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD): new insights into an old disease. JAMA 2000 Feb 16; 283(7): 897-90. 
- Rahimtoola SH. The year in valvular heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Jan 4;45(1):111-22.