Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care diet taking control warning signs Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Aortic Insufficiency Overview

Another name for Aortic Insufficiency is Aortic Regurgitation.

What is aortic regurgitation?
A person with aortic regurgitation has a leaky aortic valve. A normal aortic valve allows blood to flow from the left ventricle of the heart, into the aorta. The aortic valve normally closes to prevent the backflow of blood from the aorta into the heart. Aortic regurgitation results when the aortic valve does not completely close, due to scarring, thickening, or malformation of the valve. The resulting leaking aortic valve causes the heart to work harder to keep up with demand. The most common cause of aortic regurgitation is rheumatic heart disease.

What are the symptoms of aortic regurgitation?
Early symptoms of aortic regurgitation include shortness of breath on exertion, palpitations, and rapid pulse. Later symptoms include chest pain, excessive sweating, and leg swelling.

How does the doctor treat aortic regurgitation?
Treatment for aortic regurgitation includes medications to control symptoms and heart surgery to replace the aortic valve

Continue to Aortic Insufficiency Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 6, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Aortic Insufficiency References
  1. Babu AN, Kymes SM, Carpenter SM: Eponyms and the diagnosis of aortic regurgitation: what says the evidence? Ann Intern Med 2003 May 6; 138(9): 736-42. [12729428]
  2. Enriquez-Sarano M, Tajik AJ. Clinical practice. Aortic regurgitation. N Engl J Med. 2004 Oct 7;351(15):1539-46. [15470217]
  3. Hagan PG, Nienaber CA, Isselbacher EM, et al.: The International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD): new insights into an old disease. JAMA 2000 Feb 16; 283(7): 897-90. [10685714]
  4. Rahimtoola SH. The year in valvular heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Jan 4;45(1):111-22. [15629384]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.