Prevention of type 2 diabetes includes:
- Avoiding obesity
- Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor
- Eat a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids:
- Eat a healthy heart diet:
- Studies show that following a Mediterranean diet may cut the risk of developing diabetes in half. Elements of this diet include:
- Abundant use of olive oil for cooking and dressing.
- Increased consumption of fruit, vegetables, legumes, and fish
- Reduction in total meat consumption
- When eating meat, eating white meat and avoiding red meats and processed meats.
- Preparation of homemade sauce with tomato, garlic, onion.
- Use of olive oil to dress vegetables, pasta, rice, and other dishes.
- Avoidance of butter, cream, fast-food, sweets, pastries, and sugar-sweetened beverages.
- In alcohol drinkers, moderate consumption of red wine.
Prevention of long-term complications of type 2 diabetes includes:
- Strict control of blood glucose levels
- Use of statin medications for diabetes
- Use of ACE inhibitor medications for diabetes
- Regular eye examinations
- Daily aspirin therapy
- Weight loss
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- Lebovitz HE. Type 2 diabetes: an overview. Clin Chem. 1999 Aug;45(8 Pt 2):1339-45. 
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