Anthrax Underlying Cause
Anthrax is cause by a bacteria, called Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax bacteria protect themselves by forming spores. A spore is a strong, protective shell that surrounds the bacteria. This allows the bacteria to survive in harsh surroundings until they enter the body of mammal. When the spores are in surroundings that support growth, they start to grow. The bacteria are released from the spore and multiply, which causes an infection inside the animal. In nature, only hoofed mammals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, camels and antelopes, can carry anthrax.
There are three main types of anthrax in humans:
- Cutaneous anthrax:
- Anthrax infection that occurs on the skin
- About 95 to 99 out of 100 anthrax infections occur when injured skin is exposed to the spores.
- Inhalational anthrax:
- Anthrax infection of the lungs from inhaling the spores
- Less than 1 out of 100 anthrax infections occur from inhalation of the spores.
- Intestinal anthrax:
Continue to Anthrax Transmission
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