Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation electrocardiogram heart catheterization thallium stress test Treatment angioplasty cardiac rehabilitation drugs aspirin beta-blockers blood thinners CCBs nitrates statins thrombolytics long-term care diet questions for doctor specialist surgery Home Care BP checks diet lifestyle taking control warning signs Prevention diet Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Types Anatomy
Types of angina include:
- Stable angina:
- Describes episodes of chest pain that are caused by coronary artery disease. However, these episodes do not worsen and are easily controlled with medications.
- Unstable angina:
- Chest pain that does not respond to usual doses of medication, such as nitroglycerin
- Chest pain that has been occurring more frequently than usual
- Chest pain that has become more severe
- Chest pains that last for longer than usual
- Atypical angina:
- Describes symptoms caused by coronary artery disease, such as nausea, weakness or sweating. However, chest pain is not present.
- Atypical angina may be stable or unstable.
- Prinzmetal's angina:
|Angina Severity||Treatment Options|
|Stable / mild or moderate||Control of cardiac risk factors; drug therapy|
|Unstable / mild to moderate||Hospitalization; control of cardiac risk factors; drug therapy|
|Unstable / severe symptoms||Drug treatment; angioplasty; coronary artery bypass grafting|
Continue to Angina Anatomy
PubMed Angina References
- Abrams J. Clinical practice. Chronic stable angina. N Engl J Med. 2005 Jun 16;352(24):2524-33. 
- Brown TL, Merrill J, Hill P, Bengel FM. Relationship of coronary calcium and myocardial perfusion in individuals with chest pain. Assessed by integrated rubidium-82 PET-CT. Nuklearmedizin. 2008;47(6):255-260. 
- O'Toole L. Angina (stable). Clin Evid. 2005 Jun;(13):62-9. 
- Parker JO. Angina pectoris: a review of current and emerging therapies. Am J Manag Care. 2004 Oct;10(11 Suppl):S332-8. 
- Scheidt S. Treatment of stable angina: medical and invasive therapy--implications for the elderly. Am J Geriatr Cardiol. 2005 Jul-Aug;14(4):183-92.