Prevention is the key to managing the risk for angina. Other conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol contribute to the development of coronary artery disease. These illnesses must be well-managed, in order to minimize the progression of coronary artery disease.
Lifestyle choices that help to prevent angina include:
- Stop smoking
- Avoid exposure to secondary smoke
- Eat a healthy heart diet:
- Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor.
- Weight loss if you are overweight.
- Drink alcohol in moderation:
- For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
- For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
- Avoid using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories if you have had a heart attack before. Studies show an increase risk for heart attack and death in those who do. Ask your doctor for guidance with regard to these medications.
Dietary guidelines for the prevention of angina include:
- Limit your intake of fat to 30% of your total calories.
- 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil and peanut oil.
- Consume only unsaturated fats that are low in cholesterol.
- Consume less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol a day.
- Consume less than 3,000 mg of salt per day. Consume less than 2,000 mg of salt per day if you have high blood pressure, kidney disease, liver disease or congestive heart failure.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Avoid red meat.
- Avoid fad diets.
- Talk to your doctor about B vitamin supplements.
- Talk to your doctor about vitamin D supplements.
- Eat foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids:
- Omega-3's are present in salmon, tuna, and mackerel.
- Walnuts and flax seed are also rich in omega 3's.
- If you don't like fish, your local pharmacy has omega-3 supplements in capsule form.
- Omega-3-acid ethyl esters (Lovaza)
- Consume more fiber. Sources include:
- Whole grains
- Brown rice
Continue to Angina Outlook
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