Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Anemic Overview

Another name for Anemic is Anemia.

What is anemia?
A person with anemia has a reduced number of red blood cells in the bloodstream. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a molecule that carries oxygen. A decrease in the number of red blood cells reduces the amount of oxygen that can be carried by the blood to the body tissues. Anemia may be caused by a variety of diseases, including blood loss, low dietary iron, low folate, and vitamin B12 deficiency.

What are the symptoms of anemia?
Early symptoms of anemia include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, headaches, and faintness upon standing. Later symptoms include palpitations, rapid pulse, fainting, and worsening shortness of breath with exertion.

How does the doctor treat anemia?
Treatment for anemia may include corticosteroids, erythropoietin, vitamin supplements, iron supplements, and blood transfusion.

Continue to Anemic Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 15, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Anemic References
  1. Bain BJ. Diagnosis from the blood smear. N Engl J Med. 2005 Aug 4;353(5):498-507. [16079373]
  2. Bain BJ. Pathogenesis and pathophysiology of anemia in HIV infection. Curr Opin Hematol. 1999 Mar;6(2):89-93. [10088638]
  3. Brodsky RA, Jones RJ. Aplastic anaemia. Lancet. 2005 May 7-13;365(9471):1647-56. [15885298]
  4. Kuriyan M, Carson JL. Anemia and clinical outcomes. Anesthesiol Clin North America. 2005 Jun;23(2):315-25, vii. [15922903]
  5. Williams MD, Wheby MS: Anemia in pregnancy. Med Clin North Am 1992 May; 76(3): 631-47. [1578961]
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