Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Anal Cancer Overview

What is anal cancer?
A person with anal cancer has abnormal cells in the anus that multiply out of control. These cells can form tumors and spread to other parts of the body. The exact cause of anal cancer is unknown, but genetics may play a role in the determination of risk.

What are the symptoms of anal cancer?
Symptoms of anal cancer include swelling, discharge, pain and bleeding from the anus.

How does the doctor treat anal cancer?
Treatment for anal cancer usually includes some combination of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Chemotherapy drugs kill rapidly growing cancer cells. Radiation therapy uses x-ray beams to destroy cancer cells.

Continue to Anal Cancer Incidence

Last Updated: Jun 8, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Anal Cancer References
  1. Clark MA, Hartley A, Geh JI. Cancer of the anal canal. Lancet Oncol. 2004 Mar;5(3):149-57. [15003197]
  2. Sato H, Koh PK, Bartolo DC. Management of anal canal cancer. Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 Jun;48(6):1301-15. [15793642]
  3. Welton ML, Sharkey FE, Kahlenberg MS. The etiology and epidemiology of anal cancer. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 2004 Apr;13(2):263-75. [15137956]
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