Anal Abscess Overview
Another name for Anal Abscess is Perianal Abscess.
What is a perianal abscess?
A person with a perianal abscess has a collection of pus beneath the skin near the anus, caused by a bacterial infection. The bacteria can become trapped in sweat glands or hair follicles, or enter the tissue beneath the skin when the skin becomes irritated. When the bacteria start to grow, the body forms an abscess to fight the infection. Perianal abscess is more common in men than in women.
What are the symptoms of a perianal abscess?
Symptoms of perianal abscess include a lump or bump in the skin around the anus, anal pain, anal tenderness, and skin redness or swelling. In addition, pus may drain from the anus.
How does the doctor treat a perianal abscess?
Treatment for a perianal abscess includes warm baths, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain, narcotic pain medications, and antibiotics. Additional treatment for a perianal abscess may include incision and drainage, in order to release pus from the abscess.
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- Murthi GV, Okoye BO, Spicer RD, Cusick EL, Noblett HR. Perianal abscess in childhood. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002 Dec;18(8):689-91. 
- Whiteford MH, Kilkenny J 3rd, Hyman N, et al; The Standards Practice Task Force; The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. Practice parameters for the treatment of perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano (revised). Dis Colon Rectum. 2005 Jul;48(7):1337-42.