Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Ammonia Inhalation Overview

Another name for Ammonia Inhalation is Irritant Inhalational Injury.

What is an irritant inhalational injury?
A person with an irritant inhalational injury has inhaled a substance that irritates the air passageways in the nose, mouth, or lungs. Irritant inhalational injuries are usually caused by a brief exposure to common household chemicals. The irritant may cause mild inflammation, or cause damage to the tissues.

What are the symptoms of an irritant inhalational injury?
Symptoms of an irritant inhalational injury include burning pain in the nose, mouth or throat, accompanied by a cough. Symptoms of a moderate to severe irritant inhalational injury include coughing up blood, breathing difficulty, wheezing, fever, rapid breathing, cyanosis, confusion, and lethargy.

How does the doctor treat an irritant inhalational injury?
Treatment for an irritant inhalational injury depends on the underlying cause. Treatment for irritant inhalational injuries may include humidified oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, and bronchodilator medications.

Continue to Ammonia Inhalation Symptoms

Last Updated: Feb 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Ammonia Inhalation References
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  2. do Pico GA. Toxic gas inhalation. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 1995 Mar;1(2):102-8. Review. [15786599]
  3. Dorevitch S, Forst L, Conroy L, Levy P. Toxic inhalation fatalities of US construction workers, 1990 to 1999. J Occup Environ Med. 2002 Jul;44(7):657-62. [12134529]
  4. Hauschild VD, Bratt GM. Prioritizing industrial chemical hazards. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005 Jun 11-25;68(11-12):857-76. [1602018]
  5. Parimon T, Kanne JP, Pierson DJ. Acute inhalation injury with evidence of diffuse bronchiolitis following chlorine gas exposure at a swimming pool. Respir Care. 2004 Mar;49(3):291-4. [14982650]
  6. Prien T, Traber DL. Toxic smoke compounds and inhalation injury--a review. Burns Incl Therm Inj. 1988 Dec;14(6):451-60. Review. [2855039]
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