Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Amenorrhea Overview

What is amenorrhea?
A woman with amenorrhea does not have menstrual periods. Amenorrhea is a condition that occurs before menopause. Amenorrhea may manifest as failure to begin menstrual periods during puberty, or the absence of menstrual periods for more than 3 months in a woman who has started menstrual periods and is not pregnant.

What are the symptoms of amenorrhea?
Amenorrhea is more of a symptom than a diagnosis, since there is usually some underlying cause for the absent menstrual periods.

How does the doctor treat amenorrhea?
Treatment for amenorrhea may include weight reduction and regular exercise for obesity. Those who are underweight may need to gain weight and restrict exercise intensity. Hormone replacement therapy, such as oral contraceptives, may help to re-establish regular menstrual cycles.

Continue to Amenorrhea Incidence

Last Updated: Mar 3, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Amenorrhea References
  1. Goodman LR, Warren MP. The female athlete and menstrual function. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Oct;17(5):466-70. [16141759]
  2. Hoffman B, Bradshaw KD. Delayed puberty and amenorrhea. Semin Reprod Med. 2003 Nov;21(4):353-62. [14724768]
  3. Timmreck LS, Reindollar RH. Contemporary issues in primary amenorrhea. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2003 Jun;30(2):287-302. [12836721]
  4. Van der Wijden C, Kleijnen J, Van den Berk T. Lactational amenorrhea for family planning. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD001329. [14583931]
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