Altitude Cerebral Edema Treatment
High altitude cerebral edema is a medical emergency. Treatment for high altitude cerebral edema includes immediate descent to a lower altitude. Additional treatment for high altitude cerebral edema may include oxygen therapy and hyperbaric therapy.
Treatment options for high altitude cerebral edema include:
- Immediate descent to a lower altitude:
- A descent of only 500-1,000 feet may be lifesaving.
- Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: used to improve acclimatization to altitude
- Medications for nausea and vomiting:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Oxygen therapy for high altitude cerebral edema
- Hyperbaric therapy for high altitude illness
Altitude Cerebral Edema Drugs
Medications used to treat high altitude cerebral edema include:
Continue to Altitude Cerebral Edema Warning Signs
- Basnyat B, Murdoch DR. High-altitude illness. Lancet. 2003 Jun 7;361(9373):1967-74. 
- Foster PP, Feiveson AH, Boriek AM. Predicting time to decompression illness during exercise at altitude, based on formation and growth of bubbles. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2000 Dec;279(6):R2317-28. 
- Gallagher SA, Hackett PH. High-altitude illness. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2004 May;22(2):329-55, viii. Review. 
- Gertsch JH, Basnyat B, Johnson EW, Onopa J, Holck PS. Randomised, double blind, placebo controlled comparison of ginkgo biloba and acetazolamide for prevention of acute mountain sickness among Himalayan trekkers: the prevention of high altitude illness trial (PHAIT). BMJ. 2004 Apr 3;328(7443):797.