Treatment for allergies depends on the type of allergy and the severity of the symptoms. A person with allergies must learn how to avoid substances that trigger the illness. Severe allergic reactions require immediate care in an emergency room, while mild allergic reactions may be treated at home. Treatment for severe allergic reactions includes epinephrine injections, antihistamines, and corticosteroid medications, given through an intravenous (IV) line. Treatment for a mild allergic reaction includes oral antihistamines, corticosteroid medications, and additional medications that reduce the symptoms of allergic reactions. In most cases, the allergy symptoms improve greatly over 2-3 days of therapy.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots, train the body to tolerate the substance that triggers an allergy. This may help reduce the severity of the symptoms when a person is exposed to the trigger.
Treatment for an allergy may include:
- Avoid substances that trigger allergic reactions.
- Epinephrine injections:
- Used for severe reactions
- Short-acting antihistamine medications:
- Long-acting antihistamine medications:
- Topical corticosteroids
- Oral corticosteroids
- Leukotriene antagonist medications:
For more information:
Allergy Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of an allergy.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- Do I need to change my diet?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for allergies?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat an allergy:
Continue to Allergy Home Care