Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Allergic Asthma Bronchodilators

Bronchodilators open up the air passages making breathing easier. Narrowing of the air passages causes wheezing, commonly seen in people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Inhaled bronchodilator medications can more quickly open narrowed air passages since they are inhaled directly into the lungs.

Bronchodilator medications come in two types:

Most of these bronchodilator medications come in a variety of forms:
  • Liquid form for addition to a nebulizer device (pumps compressed air through the liquid, in order to create a mist of medication that can be inhaled)
  • Metered dose inhaler
    • With and without spacers
  • Powder inhaler:
    • No need to coordinate the pumping with the breathing
  • Breath activated metered dose inhaler:
    • Helps out people who have problems using the standard metered dose inhaler

Short-acting inhaled bronchodilators include:

Long-acting inhaled bronchodilator and corticosteroid mixtures include:

Continue to Allergic Asthma Corticosteroids

Last Updated: Nov 17, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Allergic Asthma References
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  2. de Marco R, Locatelli F, Cazzoletti L, Bugiani M, Carosso A, Marinoni A.. Incidence of asthma and mortality in a cohort of young adults: a 7-year prospective study. Respir Res. 2005 Aug 16;6(1):95. [16105170]
  3. Keeley D, McKean M. Asthma and other wheezing disorders of childhood. Clin Evid. 2003 Jun;(9):287-317. [15366138]
  4. Neidell MJ. Air pollution, health, and socio-economic status: the effect of outdoor air quality on childhood asthma. J Health Econ. 2004 Nov;23(6):1209-36. [15556243]
  5. Rees J. ABC of asthma. Prevalence. BMJ. 2005 Aug 20;331(7514):443-5. [16110074]
  6. Vallance G, Thomson NC. Asthma: ten myths debunked. Practitioner. 2004 Nov;248(1664):844-7. [15543882]
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