Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Aldosteronism Overview

What is aldosteronism?
A person with aldosteronism has abnormally high levels of the hormone, aldosterone, in the bloodstream. Aldosteronism causes the kidneys to retain salt and water, and may cause high blood pressure and low potassium levels. Most cases of aldosteronism are caused by a tumor within the adrenal gland.

What are the symptoms of aldosteronism?
Symptoms of aldosteronism include headaches, excessive thirst, urinary frequency, muscle weakness, palpitations, and leg swelling.

How does the doctor treat aldosteronism?
Treatment for aldosteronism includes a low salt diet, diuretics, and medications to control high blood pressure. Surgery may be required to remove an adrenal gland tumor.

Continue to Aldosteronism Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 21, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Aldosteronism References
  1. Capricchione A, Winer N, Sowers JR. Adrenocortical hypertension. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2004 Jun;6(3):224-9. [15128476]
  2. Kaplan NM. The current epidemic of primary aldosteronism: causes and consequences. J Hypertens. 2004 May;22(5):863-9. [15097219]
  3. Mulatero P, Dluhy RG, Giacchetti G, Boscaro M, Veglio F, Stewart PM. Diagnosis of primary aldosteronism: from screening to subtype differentiation. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Apr;16(3):114-9. [15808809]
  4. Vaughan ED Jr. Diseases of the adrenal gland. Med Clin North Am. 2004 Mar;88(2):443-66. [15049587]
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