Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Alcohol Syndrome Infant Evaluation

The evaluation of an infant with fetal alcohol syndrome begins with a medical history and physical examination.

Physical findings in an infant with fetal alcohol syndrome may include:

  • Close set eyes
  • Epicanthal eye folds
  • Faulty tooth enamel
  • Small teeth
  • Heart murmur
  • Limitation of joint movement
  • Marked growth retardation
  • Mental retardation
  • Microcephaly (small brain)
  • Micrognathia (small jaw)
  • Minor ear abnormalities
  • Reduction in the vermilion border of the upper lip
  • Small nasal bridge (short nose)

There are no tests that make the diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome. Testing may be performed to exclude other congenital, genetic, or infectious conditions that cause symptoms similar to fetal alcohol syndrome

Continue to Alcohol Syndrome Infant Treatment

Last Updated: Dec 13, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Alcohol Syndrome Infant References
  1. Hannigan JH, Armant DR. Alcohol in pregnancy and neonatal outcome. Semin Neonatol. 2000 Aug;5(3):243-54. [10956449]
  2. Murphy-Brennan MG, Oei TP. Is there evidence to show that fetal alcohol syndrome can be prevented? J Drug Educ. 1999;29(1):5-24. [10349824]
  3. Wattendorf DJ, Muenke M. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jul 15;72(2):279-82, 285. [1605045]
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