Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

AIDS Symptoms

Most people have cold symptoms about two months after being infected by HIV. Symptoms of acute HIV infection are often similar to influenza. For this reason, a person may not be aware that they are infected.

Symptoms of an initial HIV infection include:


If the HIV infection is untreated, the virus starts to weaken the immune system, which is unable to fight infections properly.

In those with AIDS, infections may occur in various locations, including:
  • Brain
  • Eye
  • Intestine
  • Lungs
  • Mouth
  • Skin

Other symptoms of HIV AIDS include:

Continue to AIDS Evaluation

Last Updated: Jan 23, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed AIDS References
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  2. Aberg JA, Kaplan JE, Libman H, Emmanuel P, Anderson JR, Stone VE, Oleske JM, Currier JS, Gallant JE; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: 2009 update by the HIV medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):651-81. [19640227]
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  4. Clumeck N: Choosing the best initial therapy for HIV-1 infection. N Engl J Med 1999 Dec 16; 341(25): 1925-6. [10601514]
  5. Hammer SM. Clinical practice. Management of newly diagnosed HIV infection. N Engl J Med. 2005 Oct 20;353(16):1702-10. [16236741]
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  7. McArthur JC, Brew BJ, Nath A. Neurological complications of HIV infection. Lancet Neurol. 2005 Sep;4(9):543-55. [16109361]
  8. Mylonakis E, Paliou M, Lally M, et al: Laboratory testing for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus: established and novel approaches. Am J Med 2000 Nov; 109(7): 568-76. [11063959]
  9. Paul SM, Sensakovic J, Podhurst LS, Morgan DH, Triano-Davis W. Managing HIV/AIDS patients. N J Med. 1998 May;95(5):55-60. [16013158]
  10. Treatment guidelines from the Medical Letter: Drugs for HIV Infection. Treat Guidel Med Lett 2004 Jan; 2(17): 1-8. [15529108]
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