Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

AIDS Overview

What is AIDS?
A person with AIDS has a damaged immune system, caused by an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV. The damaged immune system is unable to fight infections properly.

What are the symptoms of AIDS?
Common symptoms of AIDS include sore throat, cough, diarrhea, confusion, eye pain, fever, headache, oral lesions, and skin lesions.

How does the doctor treat AIDS?
Treatment for HIV and AIDS includes medications that lower the concentration of the HIV virus in the bloodstream, which protects the immune system. Treatment for infections in those with AIDS includes antibiotics, antiviral, and antifungal medications.

Continue to AIDS Incidence

Last Updated: Sep 25, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed AIDS References
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  2. Aberg JA, Kaplan JE, Libman H, Emmanuel P, Anderson JR, Stone VE, Oleske JM, Currier JS, Gallant JE; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: 2009 update by the HIV medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):651-81. [19640227]
  3. Chang R, Wong G, Gold J, et al: HIV-related emergencies: frequency, diagnoses, and outcome. J Gen Intern Med 1993 Sep; 8(9): 465-9. [8410417]
  4. Clumeck N: Choosing the best initial therapy for HIV-1 infection. N Engl J Med 1999 Dec 16; 341(25): 1925-6. [10601514]
  5. Hammer SM. Clinical practice. Management of newly diagnosed HIV infection. N Engl J Med. 2005 Oct 20;353(16):1702-10. [16236741]
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  7. McArthur JC, Brew BJ, Nath A. Neurological complications of HIV infection. Lancet Neurol. 2005 Sep;4(9):543-55. [16109361]
  8. Mylonakis E, Paliou M, Lally M, et al: Laboratory testing for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus: established and novel approaches. Am J Med 2000 Nov; 109(7): 568-76. [11063959]
  9. Paul SM, Sensakovic J, Podhurst LS, Morgan DH, Triano-Davis W. Managing HIV/AIDS patients. N J Med. 1998 May;95(5):55-60. [16013158]
  10. Treatment guidelines from the Medical Letter: Drugs for HIV Infection. Treat Guidel Med Lett 2004 Jan; 2(17): 1-8. [15529108]
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