Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.


Agoraphobia Overview

What is agoraphobia?
A person with agoraphobia is fearful of being alone in public places. Individuals with agoraphobia are especially fearful of locations from which they would have difficulty escaping, if they experienced a panic attack. They tend to avoid being alone outside of the home, traveling in bus or airplane, or being in a crowded area.

What are the symptoms of agoraphobia?
Symptoms commonly associated with agoraphobia include fear, anxiety, and panic attacks.

How does the doctor treat agoraphobia?
Treatment for agoraphobia may include mental health counseling, support groups, and medications to control panic attacks.

Last Updated: Feb 5, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Agoraphobia References
  1. Kendler KS, Myers J, Prescott CA. The etiology of phobias: an evaluation of the stress-diathesis model. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2002 Mar;59(3):242-8. [11879162]
  2. Mineka S, Ohman A. Phobias and preparedness: the selective, automatic, and encapsulated nature of fear. Biol Psychiatry. 2002 Nov 15;52(10):927-37. [12437934]
  3. Muris P, Merckelbach H, de Jong P, Ollendick TH. The etiology of specific fears and phobias in children: a critique of the non-associative account. Behav Res Ther. 2002 Feb;40(2):185-95. [11814182]
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