Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Treatment behavior therapy Warning Signs Outlook Complications long term with alcohol with pregnancy Underlying Cause

Addicted to Crack Complications

Complications of cocaine abuse include:

Addicted to Crack Long Term

Long term complications of cocaine abuse include:

Addicted to Crack with Alcohol

Combining cocaine and alcohol is a common cause of drug-related death. Taken in combination, the two drugs are converted by the body to a chemical called cocaethylene. Cocaethylene has a longer duration of action in the brain and is more toxic than either drug alone.

Addicted to Crack with Pregnancy

Complications of cocaine abuse during pregnancy include:

  • Women who use cocaine during pregnancy give birth to babies prematurely.
  • The children born to cocaine-addicted mothers are often underweight.

Continue to Addicted to Crack Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Jan 27, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Addicted to Crack References
  1. Gerada C. Drug misuse: a review of treatments. Clin Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;5(1):69-73. [15745203]
  2. Rounsaville BJ. Treatment of cocaine dependence and depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Nov 15;56(10):803-9. [15556126]
  3. Sofuoglu M, Kosten TR. Novel approaches to the treatment of cocaine addiction. CNS Drugs. 2005;19(1):13-25. [15651902]
  4. Velasquez EM, Anand RC, Newman WP 3rd, Richard SS, Glancy DL. Cardiovascular complications associated with cocaine use. J La State Med Soc. 2004 Nov-Dec;156(6):302-10. [15688670]
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