Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Underlying Cause Types Anatomy

Acute Rheumatic Heart Disease Overview

Another name for Acute Rheumatic Heart Disease is Rheumatic Heart Disease.

What is rheumatic heart disease?
A person with rheumatic heart disease has inflammation of the heart, which may result in damage to the heart valves and heart muscle. Rheumatic heart disease is the most serious complication of rheumatic fever, which is caused by an infection with Streptococcus bacteria. Rheumatic heart disease may lead to mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, cardiac arrhythmias, pericarditis, myocarditis, or congestive heart failure. Rheumatic heart disease is the most common cause of mitral stenosis in the United States.

What are the symptoms of rheumatic heart disease?
Symptoms of rheumatic heart disease may include chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, leg swelling, foot swelling (bilateral), faintness, fainting, excessive sweating, and fatigue.

How does the doctor treat rheumatic heart disease?
Treatment for rheumatic heart disease depends upon which area of the heart is damaged. Damage to the valves may require surgery to replace the valve.

Continue to Acute Rheumatic Heart Disease Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acute Rheumatic Heart Disease References
  1. Carapetis JR, McDonald M, Wilson NJ. Acute rheumatic fever. Lancet. 2005 Jul 9-15;366(9480):155-68. [16005340]
  2. De Rosa G, Pardeo M, Stabile A, Rigante D. Rheumatic heart disease in children: from clinical assessment to therapeutical management. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2006 May-Jun;10(3):107-10. [16875042]
  3. Guilherme L, Ramasawmy R, Kalil J. Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: genetics and pathogenesis. Scand J Immunol. 2007 Aug-Sep;66(2-3):199-207. [17635797]
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