Acute Rheumatic Fever Underlying Cause
Rheumatic fever is caused by an infection with Streptococcal bacteria, which are responsible for strep throat infections. For some reason, after the Streptococcal infection, the immune system mistakenly attacks normal tissue. Inflammation occurs in multiple areas of the body, including the joints, heart, skin, and central nervous system.
Some cases of rheumatic fever can lead to rheumatic heart disease. In this case, damage to the heart leads to mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, cardiac arrhythmias, pericarditis, myocarditis, or congestive heart failure. A similar process can occur in the kidneys, which may lead to kidney disease or kidney failure.
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