Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Acute Pericarditis Overview

Another name for Acute Pericarditis is Pericarditis.

What is pericarditis?
A person with pericarditis has inflammation of the pericardium, which is a strong sac that surrounds the heart. The most common cause of pericarditis is a viral infection.

What are the symptoms of pericarditis?
Symptoms of pericarditis include chest pain, difficulty breathing, fever, and cough. Usually, the chest pain worsens with movement and while taking a deep breath.

How does the doctor treat pericarditis?
Treatment for pericarditis includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and corticosteroids. Severe cases of pericarditis may require surgery to remove the pericardium.

Continue to Acute Pericarditis Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 11, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acute Pericarditis References
  1. Butany J, El Demellawy D, Collins MJ, Nair V, Israel NSh, Woo A, Cusimano RJ. Constrictive pericarditis: case presentation and a review of the literature. Can J Cardiol. 2004 Sep;20(11):1137-44. [15457310]
  2. Imazio M, Demichelis B, Parrini I, Giuggia M, Cecchi E, Gaschino G, Demarie D, Ghisio A, Trinchero R. Day-hospital treatment of acute pericarditis: a management program for outpatient therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Mar 17;43(6):1042-6. [15028364]
  3. Roodpeyma S, Sadeghian N. Acute pericarditis in childhood: a 10-year experience. Pediatr Cardiol. 2000 Jul-Aug;21(4):363-7. [10865014]
  4. Ross AM, Grauer SE. Acute pericarditis. Evaluation and treatment of infectious and other causes. Postgrad Med. 2004 Mar;115(3):67-70, 73-5. [15038256]
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