Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Acute Myocarditis Overview

Another name for Acute Myocarditis is Myocarditis.

What is myocarditis?
A person with myocarditis has inflammation of the heart muscle. The most common cause of myocarditis is a viral infection or bacterial infection. Additional causes include medication, radiation, chemical exposure, or another illness.

What are the symptoms of myocarditis?
Common symptoms of myocarditis include fever, joint pains, palpitations, rapid pulse, and chest pain. The chest pain may worsen while taking a deep breath or while changing the position of the chest. Symptoms of worsening myocarditis include decreased urination, foot swelling, leg swelling, and shortness of breath.

How does the doctor treat myocarditis?
Treatment for myocarditis may include cardiac monitoring, oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, blood pressure monitoring, and fluid restriction. Medication used to treat Myocarditis include beta-blockers, aspirin, nitrates, diuretics, digoxin, and ACE inhibitors.

Continue to Acute Myocarditis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 27, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acute Myocarditis References
  1. Brodison A, Swann JW. Myocarditis: a review. J Infect. 1998 Sep;37(2):99-103. [9821079]
  2. Hia CP, Yip WC, Tai BC, Quek SC. Immunosuppressive therapy in acute myocarditis: an 18 year systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Jun;89(6):580-4. [15155409]
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