Acute Myocardial Infarction Overview
Another name for Acute Myocardial Infarction is Heart Attack.
What is a heart attack?
A person with a heart attack has damage to the heart muscle, caused by a lack of oxygen. The lack of oxygen is caused by a sudden blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle. Heart attacks occur most commonly in those who have hardening of the arteries, called atherosclerosis.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
The most common symptom of a heart attack is chest pain. The chest pain caused by a heart attack is usually dull, heavy, or squeezing. The pain is commonly located under the breastbone or on the left side of the chest, but the pain may also occur on the right side of the chest. A heart attack may also cause pain in the arms, neck, and jaw. Additional symptoms include excessive sweating, shortness of breath, nausea, palpitations, faintness, fainting, and severe weakness.
How does the doctor treat a heart attack?
Initial treatment for heart attack in the emergency department includes cardiac monitoring, oxygen therapy, intravenous fluids, and medications to reduce pain and improve blood flow to the heart muscle. Additional treatment may include angioplasty and thrombolytic therapy.
Continue to Acute Myocardial Infarction Incidence
- Arad Y, Goodman KJ, Roth M, Newstein D, Guerci AD. Coronary calcification, coronary disease risk factors, C-reactive protein, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease events: the St. Francis Heart Study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Jul 5;46(1):158-65. 
- Brown TL, Merrill J, Hill P, Bengel FM. Relationship of coronary calcium and myocardial perfusion in individuals with chest pain. Assessed by integrated rubidium-82 PET-CT. Nuklearmedizin. 2008;47(6):255-260. 
- Hansson GK. Inflammation, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr 21;352(16):1685-95. 
- Jaumdally R, Lip GY, Varma C. Percutaneous coronary interventions for coronary artery disease: the long and short of optimizing medical therapy. Int J Clin Pract. 2005 Sep;59(9):1070-81. 
- Lewandrowski K, Chen A, Januzzi J. Cardiac markers for myocardial infarction. A brief review. Am J Clin Pathol. 2002 Dec;118 Suppl:S93-9. 
- Perers E, Caidahl K, Herlitz J, Karlson BW, Karlsson T, Hartford M. Treatment and short-term outcome in women and men with acute coronary syndromes. Int J Cardiol. 2005 Aug 18;103(2):120-7. 
- Sheridan PJ, Crossman DC. Critical review of unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Postgrad Med J. 2002 Dec;78(926):717-26. 
- Thuresson M, Jarlov MB, Lindahl B, Svensson L, Zedigh C, Herlitz J. Symptoms and type of symptom onset in acute coronary syndrome in relation to ST elevation, sex, age, and a history of diabetes. Am Heart J. 2005 Aug;150(2):234-42. 
- Yilmaz H, Basarici I. Troponin levels and acute coronary syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Aug 16;46(4):741.