Acute Mononucleosis Treatment
There is no cure for mononucleosis. Treatment for mononucleosis usually includes rest, oral fluids, sore throat sprays and lozenges, warm saltwater gargles, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever. Those who have severe throat swelling may require treatment with corticosteroids.
Treatment options for those with mononucleosis include:
- Drink plenty of liquids.
- Take nonprescription medication for sore throat:
- Gargle with warm salt water
- Avoid contact sports and heavy lifting until symptoms resolve:
- Risk of injury to the spleen due to spleen swelling
- Acetaminophen for pain and fever control
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever control:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Oral corticosteroids for mononucleosis:
- Prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone, Sterapred)
- For severe throat swelling
- For those with the potential for airway swelling
- For those with autoimmune hemolytic anemia
- For those with severe thrombocytopenia
- For those with evidence of cardiac involvement, such as pericarditis or myocarditis
- For those with evidence of neurological involvement, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome
Acute Mononucleosis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after treatment for mononucleosis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for complications?
- How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Acute Mononucleosis Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat mononucleosis:
Continue to Acute Mononucleosis Home Care
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