Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Acute Mononucleosis Overview

Another name for Acute Mononucleosis is Mononucleosis.

What is mononucleosis?
A person with mononucleosis has a viral infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus or cytomegalovirus. Mononucleosis is more common in college-age adults. Most people with this infection recover completely without treatment within 2 to 4 weeks. In some cases, the illness results in prolonged episodes of fatigue.

What are the symptoms of mononucleosis?
Symptoms of mononucleosis include a sore throat, fever, fatigue, muscle aches, rash, eye redness, and lymph gland swelling in the neck.

How does the doctor treat mononucleosis?
There is no cure for mononucleosis. Treatment for mononucleosis includes rest, oral fluids, sore throat sprays and lozenges, warm saltwater gargles, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever. Those who have severe throat swelling may require treatment with corticosteroids.

Continue to Acute Mononucleosis Incidence

Last Updated: Nov 4, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acute Mononucleosis References
  1. Auwaerter PG. Infectious mononucleosis: return to play. Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jul;23(3):485-97, xi. [15262384]
  2. Ebell MH. Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Oct 1;70(7):1279-87. [15508538]
  3. Grotto I, Mimouni D, Huerta M, Mimouni M, Cohen D, Robin G, Pitlik S, Green MS. Clinical and laboratory presentation of EBV positive infectious mononucleosis in young adults. Epidemiol Infect. 2003 Aug;131(1):683-9. [12948368]
  4. Hanna BC, McMullan R, Hall SJ. Corticosteroids and peritonsillar abscess formation in infectious mononucleosis. J Laryngol Otol. 2004 Jun;118(6):459-61. [15285866]
  5. Kinderknecht JJ. Infectious mononucleosis and the spleen. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2002 Apr;1(2):116-20. [12831720]
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