Acute Lymphadenitis Treatment
Treatment for lymphadenitis depends on the underlying cause. Treatment also depends on the location and severity of the infection. Treatment often includes rest, warm compresses, elevation, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain. Additional treatment for lymphadenitis caused by a bacterial infection may include antibiotics and surgery to remove infected tissue.
Treatment options for lymphadenitis may include:
- Warm compresses
- Elevation of the affected area
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Nuprin, NeoProfen)
- Ketoprofen (Actron, Orudis, Oruvail)
- Naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, Aleve)
- Narcotic pain medication:
- Antibiotic therapy for bacterial lymphadenitis
- Surgery for lymphadenitis:
- Needle aspiration for lymphadenitis:
- Removing infected fluid from the lymph gland with a needle
- Incision and drainage for lymphadenitis
Incision and drainage:
- The skin is sterilized using rubbing alcohol or an antibacterial soap.
- A local anesthetic is injected into the tissues surrounding the lymph gland.
- An incision is made with a scalpel.
- Pus is drained from the lymph gland.
- The lymph gland cavity is flushed clean.
- In some cases, a rubber drain or a strip of sterile gauze is packed inside the lymph gland cavity.
- The gauze or drain placed inside the cavity is usually removed 24-36 hours later.
Acute Lymphadenitis Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat lymphadenitis:
Continue to Acute Lymphadenitis Home Care
- Bhat NA, Hock YL, Turner NO, Das Gupta AR. Kikuchi's disease of the neck (histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis). J Laryngol Otol. 1998 Sep;112(9):898-900. 
- Brook I, Frazier EH. Microbiology of cervical lymphadenitis in adults. Acta Otolaryngol. 1998 Jun;118(3):443-6. 
- Chao SS, Loh KS, Tan KK, Chong SM. Tuberculous and nontuberculous cervical lymphadenitis: a clinical review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Feb;126(2):176-9. 
- Durlach RA, Kaufer F, Carral L, Hirt J. Toxoplasmic lymphadenitis--clinical and serologic profile. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2003 Jul;9(7):625-31. 
- Giovagnorio F, Rusticali A, Araneo AL. Color and pulsed Doppler evaluation of benign and malignant adenopathy. Clin Imaging. 1997 May-Jun;21(3):163-9. 
- Sang H, Wu B, Zhang X. Cervical lymphadenitis caused by Candida albicans. Mycoses. 2003;46(9-10):422-4.