Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Acute Cholecystitis Overview

Another name for Acute Cholecystitis is Gallbladder Disease.

What is gallbladder disease?
A person with gallbladder disease has inflammation of the gallbladder, usually caused by gallstones. Gallstones can obstruct the bile duct, causing the gallbladder to become swollen and inflamed. Gallbladder disease is very common. Those who are over the age of 40, Caucasian, Native American, or suffer from obesity are at highest risk for gallbladder disease. Most people recover completely with surgery to remove the gallbladder.

What are the symptoms of gallbladder disease?
Symptoms of gallbladder disease include right upper abdominal pain that may travel to the back. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, fever, jaundice, brown urine, and clay-colored stools.

How does the doctor treat gallbladder disease?
Treatment for gallbladder disease includes medications to dissolve gallstones and surgical removal of the gallbladder. Other measures include intravenous fluids and antibiotics.

Continue to Acute Cholecystitis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 5, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acute Cholecystitis References
  1. Ahmed A, Cheung RC, Keeffe EB. Management of gallstones and their complications. Am Fam Physician. 2000 Mar 15;61(6):1673-80, 1687-8. [10750875]
  2. Bartlett DL. Gallbladder cancer. Semin Surg Oncol. 2000 Sep-Oct;19(2):145-55. [11126379]
  3. Cirillo DJ, Wallace RB, Rodabough RJ, Greenland P, LaCroix AZ, Limacher MC, Larson JC. Effect of estrogen therapy on gallbladder disease. JAMA. 2005 Jan 19;293(3):330-9. [15657326]
  4. Fernandez M, Csendes A, Yarmuch J, Diaz H, Silva J. Management of common bile duct stones: the state of the art in 2000. Int Surg. 2003 Jul-Sep;88(3):159-63. [14584772]
  5. Glasgow RE, Cho M, Hutter MM, Mulvihill SJ. The spectrum and cost of complicated gallstone disease in California. Arch Surg. 2000 Sep;135(9):1021-5; discussion 1025-7. [10982504]
  6. Majeski J. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in geriatric patients. Am J Surg. 2004 Jun;187(6):747-50. [15191870]
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