Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care back exercises pain control warning signs Prevention lifting proper posture Outlook Underlying Cause Anatomy
Acute Back Strain or Sprain Evaluation
- Back tenderness along the spine
- Decreased range of motion in the spine
Usually, tests are not required to make the diagnosis of an acute back strain or sprain.
Tests that may be used to evaluate an acute back strain or sprain include:
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PubMed Acute Back Strain or Sprain References
- Papadopoulos EC, Khan SN. Piriformis syndrome and low back pain: a new classification and review of the literature. Orthop Clin North Am. 2004 Jan;35(1):65-71. 
- Rugulies R, Krause N. Job strain, iso-strain, and the incidence of low back and neck injuries. A 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jul;61(1):27-39. 
- Tveito TH, Hysing M, Eriksen HR. Low back pain interventions at the workplace: a systematic literature review. Occup Med (Lond). 2004 Jan;54(1):3-13. 
- van der Roer N, Goossens ME, Evers SM, van Tulder MW. What is the most cost-effective treatment for patients with low back pain? A systematic review. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2005 Aug;19(4):671-84.