Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care cough in adults cough in children pain and fever adults pain and fever children warning signs Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission Types

Actinomycosis Home Care

Home care for actinomycosis includes:

Actinomycosis Cough in Adults

Home treatment of a cough in adults with actinomycosis includes:

  • Avoid respiratory irritants, such as pollution, pollen, mold, dust and chemical fumes
  • Change A/C and furnace filters regularly.
  • Do not smoke and avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
  • Drink warm liquids to relieve coughing spasms.
  • Raise the head of your bed at night and sleep on your left side: this minimizes acid reflux.
  • Use throat lozenges.
  • Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.

Cough medications:

Cough medication precautions:

Actinomycosis Cough in Children

Home treatment of a cough in children with actinomycosis includes:

  • Avoid respiratory irritants, such as pollution, pollen, mold, dust and chemical fumes
  • Change A/C and furnace filters regularly.
  • Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.
  • Drink warm liquids to relieve coughing spasms.
  • Use throat lozenges, but do not use them in children under 5 years of age.
  • Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.

Cough medicines:

Dosing Dextromethorphan
Childs WeightDextromethorphan Dose
22 lb (10 kg)5 mg every 8 hrs
33 lb (15 kg)7.5 mg every 8 hrs
44 lb (20 kg)10 mg every 8 hrs
55 lb (25 kg)12.5 mg every 8 hrs
66 lb (30 kg)15 mg every 8 hrs
88 lb (40 kg)20 mg every 8 hrs
110 lb (50 kg)25 mg every 8 hrs
132 lb-adult (60 kg)30 mg every 8 hrs

Cough medication precautions:

Actinomycosis Pain and Fever Adults

Common medications used for pain and fever in adults with actinomycosis include:


Acetaminophen
  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Maximum dose is 4,000 mg per day.
  • Avoid this drug if you have alcoholism, liver disease or an allergy to the drug. See the package instructions.
  • Common brand names include Tylenol, Panadol, and many others.

Aspirin

Ibuprofen

Naproxen

Ketoprofen

NSAID Precautions

Actinomycosis Pain and Fever Children

Common medications used at home for pain and fever in children with actinomycosis include:


Aspirin and most of the other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are not used in children except under a doctor's care.

Acetaminophen
  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Dosing is 10-15 mg per kilogram (5-7 mg per pound) of body weight every 4-6 hours, up to the adult dose.
  • Do not exceed the maximum daily dose.
  • Acetaminophen products come in various strengths. Always follow the package instructions.
  • Avoid this drug in children with liver disease or an allergy to acetaminophen.
  • Common acetaminophen products include Tylenol, Panadol and many others.

Ibuprofen

Naproxen

Actinomycosis Warning Signs

Continue to Actinomycosis Prevention

Last Updated: Nov 29, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Actinomycosis References
  1. Felz MW, Smith MR. Disseminated actinomycosis: multisystem mimicry in primary care. South Med J. 2003 Mar;96(3):294-9. [12659364]
  2. Funke G, von Graevenitz A: Infections due to Actinomyces neuii (former "CDC coryneform group 1" bacteria). Infection 1995 Mar-Apr; 23(2): 73-5. [7622266]
  3. Smego RA Jr, Foglia G: Actinomycosis. Clin Infect Dis 1998 Jun; 26(6): 1255-61. [9636842]
  4. Sudhakar SS, Ross JJ. Short-term treatment of actinomycosis: two cases and aClin Infect Dis. 2004 Feb 1;38(3):444-7. [14727221]
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