Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Prevention
Prevention of HIV infection and AIDS includes:
- Avoid anal intercourse.
- Avoid intercourse with anyone who has oral or genital sores.
- Avoid sexual contact with multiple partners.
- Avoid contact with body fluids from someone who is infected with HIV.
- Do not share personal items, such as razors or toothbrushes.
- Do not use petroleum jelly in the vagina: this can trap viruses.
- Intravenous drug users should never share needles with other drug users.
- Practice safe sex:
- Always use latex condoms.
- Pregnant women with HIV should not smoke.
- Smoking can increase the risk of passing the virus to the unborn child.
- The use of tenofovir vaginal gel can substantially reduce the risk of HIV transmission.
- If you have sex with someone who has HIV:
- Seek medication attention, because you may benefit from medications that help prevent infection by HIV.
- Women should not douche immediately after intercourse:
- This weakens the vagina's natural barrier to infection.
Health care workers should take special precautions to prevent AIDS:
- Blood and body fluid precautions:
- Always wear gloves and a mask during medical procedures.
- Always wear gloves if you are exposed to blood, semen, saliva or stool.
Continue to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Outlook
- Aberg JA, Gallant JE, Anderson J, et al: Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: recommendations of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis 2004 Sep 1; 39(5): 609-29. 
- Aberg JA, Kaplan JE, Libman H, Emmanuel P, Anderson JR, Stone VE, Oleske JM, Currier JS, Gallant JE; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: 2009 update by the HIV medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Sep 1;49(5):651-81. 
- Chang R, Wong G, Gold J, et al: HIV-related emergencies: frequency, diagnoses, and outcome. J Gen Intern Med 1993 Sep; 8(9): 465-9. 
- Clumeck N: Choosing the best initial therapy for HIV-1 infection. N Engl J Med 1999 Dec 16; 341(25): 1925-6. 
- Hammer SM. Clinical practice. Management of newly diagnosed HIV infection. N Engl J Med. 2005 Oct 20;353(16):1702-10. 
- Knoll B, Lassmann B, Temesgen Z. Current status of HIV infection: a review for non-HIV-treating physicians. Int J Dermatol. 2007 Dec;46(12):1219-28. 
- McArthur JC, Brew BJ, Nath A. Neurological complications of HIV infection. Lancet Neurol. 2005 Sep;4(9):543-55. 
- Mylonakis E, Paliou M, Lally M, et al: Laboratory testing for infection with the human immunodeficiency virus: established and novel approaches. Am J Med 2000 Nov; 109(7): 568-76. 
- Paul SM, Sensakovic J, Podhurst LS, Morgan DH, Triano-Davis W. Managing HIV/AIDS patients. N J Med. 1998 May;95(5):55-60. 
- Treatment guidelines from the Medical Letter: Drugs for HIV Infection. Treat Guidel Med Lett 2004 Jan; 2(17): 1-8. 
- Varghese GK, Crane LR: Evaluation and treatment of HIV-related illnesses in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 1994. Sep. (3): 503-11.