Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Complications

AIDS complications often occur when the CD4 cell count is too low (less than 200 cells per cubic millimeter) or the viral load (number of HIV viruses in the bloodstream. Some complications seen in AIDS patients can be caused by highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), the medications that are commonly used to control HIV infection.

Complications of AIDS include:

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Lipodystrophy Syndrome

Lipodystrophy Syndrome
Lipodystrophy syndrome is the abnormal distribution of fat in the body. AIDS treatment can cause the body to accumulate fat in the trunk and lose fat in the face, arms and legs.

Physical findings include:

  • Breast enlargement
  • Fat pad on back of neck
  • Increased fat around the waist
  • Lipomas
  • Loss of fat in the legs and arms
  • Loss of fat in the buttocks
  • Decreased fat in the face
    • Sunken cheeks

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Opportunistic Infections

Continue to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Jan 21, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome References
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