Acquired Aplastic Anemia Treatment
A person with an extremely low blood count from aplastic anemia may require treatment in a hospital, while mild anemia does not require hospitalization. Acquired aplastic anemia is treated with blood transfusions, in order to restore the number of blood cells in the bloodstream. The illness may resolve if the substance or drug that triggered the anemia is stopped.
A bone marrow transplant replaces the diseased bone marrow with bone marrow from a donor. Before a bone marrow transplant, the person is treated with radiation therapy or chemotherapy, which destroys the diseased bone marrow. Healthy bone marrow from a donor is injected into the bloodstream, and the cells travel to the bone marrow, where they start to make new blood cells. The bone marrow from the donor must be matched to the person receiving the transplant.
In those for whom a donor cannot be found, medications may be used to stimulate the bone marrow. If aplastic anemia is caused by an abnormal immune system, a person may require drugs that suppress the immune system.
Treatment for acquired aplastic anemia may include:
- Vitamin B supplements
- Blood transfusion
- Platelet transfusion
- Bone marrow transplant
- Bone marrow stimulants trigger the production of red blood cells and white blood cells in the bone marrow:
- Medications that suppress the immune system:
Acquired Aplastic Anemia Specialist
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- Kurre P, Johnson FL, Deeg HJ. Diagnosis and treatment of children with aplastic anemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Feb 10. 
- Marsh JC. Management of acquired aplastic anaemia. Blood Rev. 2005 May;19(3):143-51.