Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Treatment behavior therapy Warning Signs Outlook Complications long term with alcohol with pregnancy Underlying Cause

Abuse Crack Overview

Another name for Abuse Crack is Cocaine Abuse.

What is cocaine abuse?
A person who abuses cocaine uses the drug regularly. Cocaine is a chemical found in the leaves of the Erythroxylum coca plant. It is extracted from the leaves and purified by a chemical process. Cocaine is generally sold as a fine, white powder. In this form, it can be snorted, swallowed, or injected into a vein. Cocaine can be easily converted to crack, a more potent form, by a simple chemical process. Crack cocaine can be smoked. Cocaine is a strong stimulant that causes adverse effects on the heart and cardiovascular system. Complications include cocaine addiction, stroke, heart attack, and cardiac arrhythmias.

What are the symptoms of cocaine abuse?
Initial symptoms of cocaine abuse include hyperactive behavior, high blood pressure, fever, excessive sweating, muscle tremors, and a rapid pulse. Serious symptoms of cocaine abuse include: abdominal pain, chest pain, blurred vision, palpitations, vomiting, and seizures.

How does the doctor treat cocaine abuse?
Treatment for cocaine abuse may include detoxification program, medications, group therapy, and mental health counseling.

Continue to Abuse Crack Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Abuse Crack References
  1. Gerada C. Drug misuse: a review of treatments. Clin Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;5(1):69-73. [15745203]
  2. Rounsaville BJ. Treatment of cocaine dependence and depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Nov 15;56(10):803-9. [15556126]
  3. Sofuoglu M, Kosten TR. Novel approaches to the treatment of cocaine addiction. CNS Drugs. 2005;19(1):13-25. [15651902]
  4. Velasquez EM, Anand RC, Newman WP 3rd, Richard SS, Glancy DL. Cardiovascular complications associated with cocaine use. J La State Med Soc. 2004 Nov-Dec;156(6):302-10. [15688670]
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